Pathological Internet use - epidemiology, diagnostics, co-occurring disorders and treatment. Reality therapy RT is supposed to encourage individuals to choose to improve their lives by committing to change their behavior. essay helping sydney victims of typhoon yolanda Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being:
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The efficacy of motivational interviewing: The applications of group mental therapy and sports exercise prescriptions in the intervention of Internet addiction disorder. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Problematic Internet Use PIU [ 21 ], computer addiction, Internet dependence [ 22 ], compulsive Internet use, pathological Internet use [ 23 ], and many other labels can be found in the literature. There has been also been a variety of assessment tools used in evaluation.
Pathological Internet use - epidemiology, diagnostics, co-occurring disorders and treatment. Surveys in the United States and Europe have indicated alarming prevalence rates between 1. In the United States, despite a growing body of research, and treatment for the disorder available in out-patient and in-patient settings, there has been no formal governmental response to the issue of Internet addiction.
Widyanto and Griffith [ 8 ] report that most of the treatments employed so far had utilized a cognitive-behavioral approach. It was developed to help individuals give up addictive behaviors and learn new behavioral skills, using techniques such as open-ended questions, reflective listening, affirmation, and summarization to help individuals express their concerns about change [ 55 ]. Bai Y, Fan FM. The idea that problematic computer use meets criteria for an addiction, and therefore should be included in the next iteration of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM , 4 th ed.
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Support Center Support Center. Unfortunately, clinical evidence for the efficacy of these strategies is not mentioned. reviews of essay writing service vancouver The ongoing debate whether IAD should be classified as an behavioral addiction, an impulse-control disorder or even an obsessive compulsive disorder cannot be satisfactorily resolved in this paper. After eight weeks of treatment, the YIAS-K scores and Internet usage times were significantly reduced and the authors cautiously suggest that methylphenidate might be evaluated as a potential treatment of IAD. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
Published online Nov. Furthermore, the current work gives a good overview of the current state of research in the field of internet addiction treatment. pay for paper yesterday dartford crossing However, empirical studies provide an inconsistent set of criteria to define Internet addiction [ 24 ].
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Chinese Mental Health Journal. Loneliness and Internet use. Czincz J, Hechanova R. Journal of Psychiatric Research.
In his RT group counseling program treatment study, Kim [ 59 ] found that the treatment program effectively reduced addiction level and improved self-esteem of 25 Internet-addicted university students in Korea. The three-factor model of Internet addiction: In another study Han, Hwang, and Renshaw [ 48 ] used bupropion a non-tricyclic antidepressant and found a decrease of craving for Internet video game play, total game play time, and cue-induced brain activity in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after a six week period of bupropion sustained release treatment.
Some researchers and mental health practitioners see excessive Internet use as a symptom of another disorder such as anxiety or depression rather than a separate entity [e. To increase pleasure, these individuals are more likely to seek greater than average engagement in behaviors that stimulate an increase in dopamine, effectively giving them more reward but placing them at higher risk for addiction. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Therefore, the authors concluded that psychotherapy, in particular CT and BT were effective in treating middle school students with IAD.